Published by:
Deanship of Scientific Research
Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan

ISSN (Print Version): 1684-0615

ISSN (Online Version): 2616-2814





Volume 23, Issue No SE, 2020


The Degree of Commitment of the Faculty Members in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences in Al-Ahliyya Amman University to the basic Rules in Building Objective tests, Attributed to Some Variables



Pages: 9 - 20


This study aimed to determine the degree of commitment among faculty members of the Art and Science faculty at Al Ahliyya Amman University to the basic rules in the construction of objective tests of 4 various types; true or false, filling the blank, multiple choice questions, comparison question. And weather the commitment degree is affected by different variables like years of experience and speciality. The study sample consisted of 41 faculty members, who were chosen intentionally from different specialties in the art and science faculty of the 2017/2018 academic year. The researchers developed a tool to measure the degree of commitment to the basic rules in constructing objective tests; the tool was validated and consistent with the purpose of this study, then it was distributed to the study sample to collect data. This study used the analytic descriptive method to achieve the goals of the study and answer it’s questions. The results showed that the degree of commitment to the basic rules in constructing objective tests among faculty members in al Ahliyya Amman University in total is within the high degrees, with the highest degree to the filling the blank questions , followed with false and true questions , then multiple choice question in the 3rd degree , while the comparison questions came in the 4rth and last degree, and there were no statistically significant difference due to study variables. The study recommends the importance of encouraging the faculty members to use objective tests, and to train and coach them to increase their competence in building and phrasing objective tests......

Harmonization between the outputs of community colleges and the labor market in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia /Community college in Hafr Al-Batin as a sample Model



Pages: 21 - 33


This study aims to provide a methodology proposed to achieve harmonizing between the Graduates of community colleges and the Saudi labor market needs. The researcher uses the descriptive survey method. A questionnaire is made to collect credible and acceptable data, whose basic study sample is faculty members in Community Service College in Hafr Al-Batin, which are 32 members. Researcher has got 26 answers, and this study has been applied during academic year 2018G, 1439H. the most prominent results are that there is a high degree agreement of harmonizing between theoretical and applied courses, and that courses of Community College in Hafr Al-Batin satisfy the renewable labor market needs. As for the most important hinders facing courses and programs in terms of achieving harmonizing between the Graduates of Community College in Hafr Al-Batin and labor market needs, this is due to the high number of students joining College courses, and low carness to develop curriculums rapidly. The researchers concludes a suggestion idea out of the current study outcomes, which includes (Aspects, justifications, goals, execution mechanism, execution requirements and hinders).....

Goal Orientation Driving to study by the students institute science and technical physical and sports activities in souk Ahras University, Algeria



Pages: 35 - 41


The purpose of the study was to know the level of goal orientation Driving to study by the students of institute science and technical physical and sports activities in Souk Ahras University, as the differences between them according to the variables of the sex, the level of study and the specialty. For that, the researcher used the descriptive analytical method and has distributed a questionnaire (Elliot & Charch 1997) to a simple of 72 students, then he statistically treated the results using the software spss. We found that students have a high level goal orientation and that there are no differences statistically significant at the goal orientation between students a cording to the sex, the level of study or the specialty......

Human Resources Planning and its Effect on the Application of Total Quality Management of Jazan University



Pages: 43 - 55


This study aims to examinethe effect of Human Resources Planning on the application of Total Quality Management at Jazan University. It aims to demonstrate the actuality of Human Resources Planning practices and process the application of Total Quality Management in Jazan University. The study adopts the descriptive analytical approach by using self-administrated questionnaire as a data collection method. The questionnaire was distributed to a convenient proper sample out of (100) top management level at human resources officials, and quality officials in Colleges of Arts and Sciences in Al-Ardha and Samtah, College of Education in-Arts Departments in Sabya, Academic Institution for Female, and College of Education-Scientific Departments in Jizan. The results shows that the most demonstrated factors in human resources planning is “support and following” factor, then “plans for meeting human resources needs” factor, while the less verified factor is human needs analysis (prediction). The most verified factors in total quality management is “top management support” factor, then the factor of “decision making based on comprehensive information”, on the other hand; the less verified factor is “concentration on customer” factor. The results also show that there is a statistical significant effect for human resources planning factors (factors of needs, support and following) on (top management support; continuing improvement; concentration on customer; and decision making based on comprehensive information) as factors of total quality management application. Finally, there is a total statistical significant effect for human resources planning factors on the application of total quality management in general. The study also provides a group of recommendations based on statistical results provided in the study......

The Impact of Using the Electronic Barcode Test via Smartphone in the Achievement of the Graduate Students in the Achievement of the Graduate Students in the Faculty of Educational Sciences at Amman Arab University and their Attitudes towards it.



Pages: 57 - 67


This study aimed to identify the effectiveness of using barcode via smartphone in the achievement of graduate students in the Faculty of Educational Sciences at Amman Arab University and their attitudes towards it. The sample of this study is consisted of (63 male and female students studying the statistics in the scientific research course at the Faculty of Educational Sciences in the second semester of the academic year (2018-2019). The sample was selected in an intentional manner and it was divided randomly into two groups; one is experimental and the other one is control. To achieve the goal of this study, the electronic achievement test was prepared in the Statistics course, and articles on the use of electronic barcode tests and their applications were applied to the experimental group. As for the control group, the achievement test was applied on paper based on the traditional method. The results showed that there were statistically significant difference between the arithmetic averages of students achievement in the statistical test in scientific research in favor of the experimental group. The results of the study also showed that students attitudes toward using electronic barcode tests via a smartphone were high, and these results did not show a statistically significant difference in students attitudes toward using electronic barcode tests attributed to the gender variable......

Review of the curving Techniques to Evaluate University Test Scores: A critical and Analytical Study



Pages: 69 - 79


This study presents a critical review of the proposed mathematical methods for curving students scores. Through the presentation of these methods, the study attempts to ask key questions such as: the causes of dispersion in the tests results, the criteria and principles on which the curving methods are based, the limits of application of these methods. The study also attempts to examine the role of the cognitive level of the student, the subjective factors related to the process of learning and teaching, the conditions of admission and registration in the university programs, and the impact of the above on the results of the tests and the education outcomes. After the presentation and analysis, the study came up with a set of ideas that could be summarized in the following points: The importance of considering the instructional aspect in the teaching process and taking care of the students biography before joining the university program. The need for ongoing review of the educational environment and its components to develop its forms and tools. The importance that the educational project meets the needs of the labor market and responds to the needs of human development. In the recommendations, the study also noted the importance of developing student curving methods based on analytical studies of previous tools and assessment methods......

The level teachers’ Knowledge in public education for learning disabilities students in regards of variables in Kuwait



Pages: 81 - 89


This study aimed to identify the knowledge level of male/ female teachers of general education with students of learning difficulties in the light of some variables specifically the gender; teaching experience and scientific qualification in the state of Kuwait. The sample consisted of (629) teachers from the general education workers in the JAHRA educational region. An Instrument was used after the check of validity and reliability. The results showed that the level of knowledge of male/female teachers towards students of learning difficulties in Kuwait came in general was medium, Also the study results appeared there were no scientific statistical differences in the level of knowledge of teachers according to the gender, teaching experience, and scientific qualification variables......

Build a Job Satisfaction Scale from the views of AAU academic staff in according with the item response theory



Pages: 91 - 108


The study aimed to build a job satisfaction scale from the views of AAU academic staff in according with the item response theory, where the population study consisted of all academic members at Al-Ahliyya Amman University (AAU) for the year (2018/2017), and they approximately reach (257) academic members, the sample consisted of (154) academic members, which constituted 60 of the original study population, (92) males and (62) females who were randomly selected. The study tool was designed and built based on theoretical literature and scales on measuring job satisfaction at universities. the study tool consisted of (60) items which were distributed among five fields using the five-point Likert scale. The apparent and construct validity were fulfill, the value of the coefficient reliability was (0.954). The results found the one-dimensional of job satisfaction scale consists of (5) fields, the discrimination parameter values for the items were appropriate, and the thresholds values for the difficulty parameter indicate an estimated accuracy of its scale items according the graded response model the job satisfaction scale fit the model in great grade, And it was noted that all the scale items were fit to the model in one or more of fitting indicators, as no items were excluded because none of the items were fit on all fitting indicators......

Project Management: a help or hindrance a collaborative research



Pages: 9 - 21


This small-scale mixed method study explored perceptions of how different project management approaches and tools are used by those working in industry and within academia, and how this may impact on collaborative research projects given their distinct and unique nature. The study also aimed to generate suggestions for how collaboration between industry and academia could be strengthened in the future. Underpinned by a phenomenological perspective, a survey and interviews were conducted with a sample of Jordanian professionals from different industry and academic organisations who had previous experience of working on collaborative research projects. The study identified, consistent with other studies, that the stages of research and project management are aligned, whilst the unique nature of research projects and their greater propensity to change during the project lifespan was emphasised. The findings also indicated that formal project management approaches were much more embedded within industry than within the case example universities. It appeared that more traditional tools associated with project initiation and closure were used in the universities, whereas in industry a much wider range of tools and techniques spanning all of the different stages of a project were used. In addition, respondents from the industry organisations were generally more positive about their experiences of collaborative working on research projects than those from the universities, but there was a consensus about the partial compatibility of the project management tools and approaches used by the two. Suggestions for improving collaboration on such projects in the future included: making better use of technology to overcome communication barriers associated with collaborative working; agreeing to the use of common project management methodologies and language between all partners; acknowledging the unique nature of research projects and building in greater flexibility into project plans; and delivering joint project management and research training......

Perceived Benefits and Barriers to Participation in Exercise among Jordanian University Students



Pages: 23 - 32


Insufficient physical activity is a risk factor for many non-communicable diseases, therefore; the purpose of this study is to examine university students’ perceived exercise benefits and barriers. This cross-sectional descriptive study used Exercise Benefits/Barriers Scale to examine perceived benefits and barriers to exercise among a convenience sample of 517 university students in Jordan. Participants reported significantly higher perceived barriers to exercise than perceived benefits from exercise. The most important perceived barrier to exercise was “I am too embarrassed to exercise”. Moreover, “I will live longer if I exercise” and “exercising increases being accepted by others” were the most important perceived benefits from exercise. Students’ age was negatively correlated with perceived barriers to exercise. Unemployed students perceived more benefits from exercise than employed students. Physical activity promotion programs should assist university students to overcome perceived barriers, and further highlight the health benefits of exercise......

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