Published by:
Deanship of Scientific Research
Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan

ISSN (Print Version): 1684-0615

ISSN (Online Version): 2616-2814

Volume 6, Issue No 1, 1999

Reading in Sibawayehs book. Types of Ambiguity, Correction Areas of Confusion.

Pages: 13 - 59

Sibawayehs book is considered the most important book in the history of Arabic grammatical theory. Researchers in Arabic sciences cannot help but refer to it. Old linguists could not have done with out it in their studies and references. Due to the large number of scholars who have transmitted it, the text has been subjected to change and corruption. Undoubtedly, there has been a great effort behind its editing and verification by I-Iaroun. However, I have found some alteration and deviation or forced insertion or shortage, thus causing some of the original material of the text (in the footnotes). This confusion leads, in many areas, to the destruction of rules the inversion of content as well as the correction of mistakes or in correction of correct material. This has greatly affected some grammatical, morphological and lexical orientations. This study, therefore, comes to show areas of confusion correcting them, and explaining some issues which needed illustration and clarification the study also addressed a number of areas of ambiguity which confused important researchers to the extent that they could not find correct things in them......

Ahmad Dayf and Comparative Critical Study Method

Pages: 61 - 84

This is an analytical study of Ahmad Dayf’s Introduction to Arabic Rhetoric’s, published in 1920. It will try to shed light on the contribution of Dayf’s book towards the establishment of comparative studies in the Modern Arab World. It will also show to what extent Dayf made use of the methodologies of French critics such as Hippolyte Taine, Madame de stael, sainte Beuve, Ferdinand Brunetier, Jules lemaitre, and Ernest Renan, in his quest to establish new methodology for the study of Arabic literary discourse. Furthermore, this study will show how Dayf benefited from the Works of previous Arab critics, which in inaugurated his work as important preparatory step in the development of comparative literature in Arabic......

The Literature of Food in the Abbasid Period ( From Second to the End of Fourth Century )

Pages: 85 - 148

This research, namely, The Literature of Food in the Abbasid Period evolves around part of what was said with regard to food and drink during the Abbasid period, either depicting or praising them. There is absolutely no doubt concerning what was mentioned on this subject reflects various types of peoples behavior, as well as their lifestyles during that era. It also reflects their traditions as to their eating and drinking. It is understood that the social backgrounds of many poets-who were deeply involved in such issues in their poetry -were behind their great fondness of eating, which could be related to two reasons. Firstly, because they lacked food, due to being poor, secondly, because they were able to obtain it, due to being well off financially. This paper tackles numerous types of poetical patterns, which the researcher was able to analyze. she (the researcher) believes that this process would help in exploring the poet’s world and would reveal the hidden sides of the text itself as well.....

British military commander Law Montgomery The great revolution in Palestine (1936-1939) Documental Study

Pages: 149 - 182

The goal of this article is to shed light on the role, and views, of the well known British military commander Bernard Law Montgomery in suppressing the great revolt, which erupted in Palestine (1936-1939). He was the commander of the 8th Division, which undertook the responsibility of crushing the revolt in northern Palestine, in the period Oct. 1938-_]un.1939. In this article, we shall study several letters and reports written by Montgomery himself at that time. These letters and reports are being kept in the Public Record Office (P.R.O) in London, in the War Office (W.O) files. He wrote, almost personally and privately, in an open and unusual frankness to Chief imperial General Staff (G.I.G.S) or his Deputy (Deputy C.I.G.S). This openness is very difficult to be found in other related official letters. They may help us to know about some restricted issues, and they may show us how Montgomery conceived and comprehended the events of the revolt. The issues tackled by Montgomery could be categorized into three central issues, first: his understanding and evaluation of the revolt; second: his views on the performance of the army; third: his review and criticism to the police services. In this article, we shall discuss and examine what was written by Montgomery, using, as far as possible, the documentary material available to us on this subject......

Supervisory Techniques used by the Jordanian Principals in Schools

Pages: 183 - 220

The purpose of this study is two-fold: First, to explore the supervisory techniques used by the Jordanian principals during the school year 1995/1996. Second, to identify the frequency of these supervisory techniques in terms of some variables; gender, academic qualification, educational qualification, administrative experience, school level, and the interaction between these variables. A sample of (200) male and female principals was selected using the stratified-random technique. A questionnaire consisted of (12) items was developed to be used for data gathering. The data were analyzed using means, percentages and MANOVA. The results indicated that principals in Jordan use ten supervisory techniques arranged in terms of their frequency: Classroom visitations, personal interviews with teachers, peer classroom visitations, cooperation with educational supervisors, demonstrative lessons, directed lectures, and educational seminars. The results also show that neither workshops nor micro- teaching techniques were used by principals. Furthermore, the results indicated that gender, academic qualification, educational qualification, school level, and the interaction between these variables have statistically significant effects on the frequency of the supervisory techniques used by principals, while the administrative experience has no such effect......

The Impact of Economic Sanction on Economic Activity of Al-Basrah Palm Orchards at Iraq

Pages: 221 - 298

Economic sanction imposed on Iraq since the last eight years has led to hyper inflation which has caused devastating effects on living standards for all people, especially those with fixed incomes. Thus, most people in Basra had no choice but to move away from fixed income activities towards trade, vocational and agricultural activities in an attempt to cope with such ever increasing inflation rate. Despite the heavy damages incurred on them due to long years of war, palm tree orchards have become the most important economic activity and source of income for most people of Basra. However, such activity in facing serious challenges due to low water levels and increase in salinity in both water and soil which have led to a fall in the level of palm trees’ productivity......

The Conflict Convictions: Herman Melville and his Contemporaries

Pages: 11 - 29

The mid-nineteenth century intellectual landscape was Perhaps one of the most intricate and stimulating in the history of America. During this period, the American mind was deeply Divided between two main currents of thought: One was Transcendental (optimistic, progressive, mythologizing, and Idealistic), while the other was skeptical (pessimistic, retrogressive , demythologizing, and realistic). The former was Celebrated by extremely influential figures such as Emerson, Whitman, Thoreau, to name but a few, as the latter was upheld by Almost equally potent voices, those of Herman Melville and Nathaniel Hawthorne. What is noteworthy about the period under study is how the Intellectual tension between the two opposing poles of that Conflict reached its apex towards the beginning of the American Civil War (1861-1865). One particular incident, which not only Triggered but also crystallized a spate of the most profound Disputes between prominent figures of both camps, was the Controversial death of _John Brown, which this essay will try to Explore in depth. What is even more urgent is the investigation of The multifarious and numerous responses and reactions of the Intelligentsia to the incident and how they marked and shaped the Ultimate phase of the development of American thought. In Addition, further objectives of this essay include the following: l. To demonstrate the peculiarity of American thought and Literature of the nineteenth century, which still have their Discernible imprint on the modern American mind. 2. To give a glimpse of the backdrop of the American Civil War as The most crucial event in American history, which alone led to The birth of the United States of America as we know it today. 3 To introduce not Herman Melville, the novelist of towering Stature and fame, but Herman Melville, the poet and lyricist. This represents the focal point of this study, since the Civil War was the turning point in his intellectual life and the Catalyst, which saw him move from the land of novel-writing Into the space of poetry and rhyme with the publication of his Anthology Battle-Pieces and Aspects of the War. From This collection, one particular poem has been chosen as representative for the purposes of this essay, not least because of its unique concept and qualities of technique and style......

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