Published by:
Deanship of Scientific Research
Al-Ahliyya Amman University, Amman, Jordan

ISSN (Print Version): 1684-0615

ISSN (Online Version): 2616-2814





Volume 11, Issue No 2, 2006


Testimony as a Means of Evidence A study Under Jordanian law and Judicial Decisions of Court of Cessation



Pages: 13 - 72


This study indicates the legal nature of a testimony as a duty and not as right. To sustain a testimony as a means of proof, it shall be given under oath. The Anglo- American law differs from the Jordanian law in which under the former a testimony shall be attached with an affirmation. This study also deals with the witness’s age and the relation between this age and the understanding of the nature of oath. It also addresses the following matters: the legal status of a witness who refuses to give a testimony, unsown testimony, the testimony given by certain persons against each other such as ; ancestors and descendants, and spouses , the classification of the testimony into eye testimony and hearsay testimony, the convincing testimony and the discretionary power of the court with respect to such matters, giving a false testimony, and inconsistency between the parts of the given testimony.....

The Effect of Conversion to Electronic Dealing System on the Operating Efficiency and Performance of Amman Stock Exchange



Pages: 72 - 118


This study aims at evaluating and analyzing the effectiveness of electronic dealing system in Amman Stock Exchange (A.S.E.), and identifying its effect on the operating efficiency and the performance of A.S.E. Accordingly, the annual rate of changes on dealing movement, dealing Volume and market value of listed companies stock have been calculated before and after the conversion electronic dealing system. The year 2000, in which the electronic system has been installed, was considered as the base year for the purpose of comparison. The researcher has also executed a field study directed to a sample of (20) brokers and (200) investors selected randomly, the results of field study was analyzed by using SPSS to calculate correlation coefficient (R) to identify the relation type and its strength between independent factor and all dependent factors also determinant coefficient (R2) was computed to determine how much the independent factor can affect each dependent factor separately at a significance degree of 5. The study reached to a number of conclusions which clarify that the effect of the electronic dealing system on A.S.E. has an effect and positive relation on all dependent variables with varying degrees and on the A.S.E. performance, market value and dealing volume, as well as improving its oreating efficiency by improving transparency and security, reducing cost and increasing accuracy and other factors. The study ended with some recommendations concentrated on the need for continuous upgrading of the dealing system and the necessity of keeping up with all the developments taking place in this regards also the need of training A.S.E employees to be able to cope up with such development.....

The Absent Grammar: Discriminating figuratively near Equivalent in the Arabic Language A Complement to the Incomplete Arabic Textbooks for Foreign Learners



Pages: 119 - 168


This research is bi-fold: the first part aims at drawing the attention of linguists to the fact that it is urgently necessary to create two grammars for the Arabic language. One grammar is for foreign learners of Arabic, and the other is for native Arabs learning Arabic. The idea of two grammars leads to two other ideas: common grammar, and absent grammar. The former is common to the two groups of learners of Arabic. Absent grammar is the one Arabic linguists never indicated in their books despite its existence in the rules of the language and its practical evolution. Speakers of Arabic never pay attention to this grammar, and it never crosses their minds. In addition, it never undergoes analysis because it comes to them as they acquire the sense of the language; consequently, this grammar is exclusive to foreign learners of Arabic. The researcher also discusses the idea of absent grammar through examples and application. so he used examples that lie in the figurative level with relation to the structural side. The figurative level of structure is the least used linguistic level in Arabic books for foreign learners, especially when talking specifically about comparison between what is figuratively similar in the elements of the Arabic language. The examples the researcher used in the second part of the paper were derived from the incorrigible verbal and written mistakes foreign learners of Arabic commit, since language books do not usually help in this regard. Consequently, the researcher contrasted the following figuratively similar groups whose elements, at the first sight, are judged mostly to be figuratively synonymous. However, the research will attempt to prove that they are near equivalent and not synonymous: (yajibu / laa budda)1- 2-(>al-yawmu-1-qaadimu / gadan), (>al-yawmu-ttalii) — (>al- yawmu-]-maadii / >ams) and (>al-yawmu-ssaabiq). 3-(nadara >ilaa / >iltafata >i1aa) and (ra>aa /‘saahada / >absara). 4-(hadara/jaa>a/ qadima/ >ataa), (dahaba/saafara), (wasala) and (>ahdara / >ahada). 5-(mundu / Ii-muddati — muddata). (jiddan / katiiran)6-.....

Substituting the Reduplicated (Letters) in Arabic Phenomena and Causes



Pages: 169 - 230


Arabic endeavored to get rid of successive similar letters, due to the fact that they are difficult to pronounce, using multifarious ways; one of which was to substitute some of them for either a consonant or a vowel so as to soften and ease their pronunciation. Substitution phenomena do not generate adequate resort due to its divergent localities in Arabic. Because of all of this, this study attempts to manifest these phenomena. Not only did I pursue and encompass those phenomena, but I also tried, as much as I could, to bring out its causes, display Arab intention of using them and demonstrate Arab linguists‘ attitudes towards all of this......

Crimes and Penalties in Divine Jurisprudences in Comparison With Yemeni Penal Code



Pages: 231 - 282


The research is named Crimes and Penalties in Divine Jurisprudences In Comparison with Yemeni Penal Code regarded as a general comparative study to crimination-penalization forms in Islamic Jurisprudence, Christian Jurisprudence, Jewish Jurisprudence and Yemeni Penal Code . The comparison is done among ( I8 ) eighteen crimes through showing the texts of Islamic Holy Book ( Koran ) , Christian Holy Book (The Bible), Jewish Holy Book (Old Testament) and Yemeni Penal Code No. I2 of 1994 which related every crime as follows: First- Hudud Crimes includes-Apostasy from Islam 2-Adultery 3-Theft 4-Alcohol Drinking 5- Highway Robbery 6- Armed Rebellion 7-False Accusation (of Adultery). Second-Qasas and Dyiat Crimes include : 1-Intentional Killing 2- Quasi Intentional Killing 3- Unintentional Killing 4- Intentional Injury 5-Unintentional Injury. Third-Tazir Crimes include : l-False Report 2-False Testimony 3-Bribery 4- Usury 5- Enchantment 6-False Weights and Measures. This research finished to a set of results. The main results are as following : 1-The Three Divine .Jurisprudence’s contain provisions related the crimination and penalization beside provisions related the belief and ethic. 2- The Three Divine Jurisprudences take part in general to criminate adultery, homosexuality, theft, killing, injury, false testimony false report, bribery, enchantment, false weights and measures. 3-The Islamic feature and spirit overcome Yemeni Penal Code because many articles of Yemeni Penal Code are quoted from Islamic Jurisprudence.....

Auditory Steady-State Responses in Children and Adults with Normal Hearing, and Sensorineural Hearing Loss



Pages: 11 - 29


Objectives: This study was conducted at Amman University to test the clinical effectiveness of auditory steady-state response (ASSR) for estimation hearing threshold in patients with normal hearing and sensorineural hearing loss Method: The study was carried out on 25 normally hearing students at Amman University and 35 patients who had sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). The subjects underwent behavioral audiometric evaluation, impedance testing, distortion product otoacoustic emissions, and steady-state response testing. A t test was performed to compare the means of ASSR predicted behavioral thresholds and behavioral responses. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated at each tested frequency, 500 Hz, 1,000 Hz, 2,000 Hz, and 4,000 Hz, using the same data. Special care was taken to minimize possible aliasing and high-intensity multiple stimulation effects. Differences and correlations between the ASSR and pure tone audiogram were determined......

Crystallization Mechanism and Thermal Stability of Se98 In2-χ Snχ (χ=0.0.5,1,1.5) Semiconducting Glasses



Pages: 31 - 48


Results of Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC) under non isothermal condition on Se98 In2-χ Snχ (χ=0.0.5,1,1.5) chalcogenide glasses have been reported and discussed. ln the glassy region, the dependence of the glass transition temperature Tg on the heating rate or obey a power law, Tg=To{ɑ}ʏ ,and the glass transition activation energy decreases with the addition of Sn. The crystal growth kinetics has been investigated using Kissinger, Gao et.al, and Ozawa equations. Results indicate that the crystallization activation energy decreases and the crystallization ability is retarded, due to the formation of cross-linked structure, with the addition of Sn. Besides to that the crystal growth is found to occur in 2-dimensions. Investigation of thermal stability through the calculations of the temperature difference TC-Tg, S-parameter, Hruby number, crystallization rate factor and the enthalpy released during the crystallization process, indicates that Se98 In0.5 Sn1.5 glass is thermally most stable in the composition range of study.....

The Services Marketing Mix Paradigm: Is It Still Appropriate for Today ’s Service Businesses?



Pages: 49 - 74


This paper aims to reveal theoretical gaps that have emerged from the services marketing mixed literature review that need more investigation and empirical evidence in modern service businesses. The methodology used in this paper is desk-based in which a critical examination on the services marketing literature is carried out to achieve the paper objectives. A critical examination on the services marketing literature indicates that service businesses need the modified and extended services marketing mix paradigm as a general framework for the marketing of services. One of the crucial conclusions come out of this paper is that the 7Ps of the services marketing mix is the most accepted paradigm among services marketing authors; however, there is no significant empirical evidence that has validated this paradigm components together, even though it has been accepted and supported from a theoretical perspective. Empirical evidence is required to validate this paradigm in service businesses. Further research is required in order to test if theories, models and concepts developed in the U.S and Western business environments are generalizable and applicable to other business environments or there is a need to develop new theories, model and concepts. Consequently, it would be a very fruitful area of research to investigate the services marketing mixed paradigm in several business industries in the Jordanian business environment.....

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