• For editors and reviewers to accurately evaluate the manuscript, authors need to ensure that it is written in a clear English language.
  • Authors should submit a copy of the manuscript in Microsoft Word (.doc) or (.docx) format to the journal’s email:
  • The corresponding author should submit a title page with author(s) details in separate file. In the main body of the paper, remove any author(s) identification from the research text. In the text, you can replace any author identification by words such as [name deleted].

Submission process:

  • After the Author submits the manuscript to the journal, acknowledgement of receipt will be e-mailed to the corresponding author.
  • This journal operates a double-blind review process (The identities of the authors and reviewers are concealed).
  • The submitted manuscript is subjected to preliminary evaluation by the editor to assess if the manuscript is suitable for the journal. The editorial board along with the editors-in-chief will decide to reject or send the manuscript out for reviewing.
  • Manuscripts deemed suitable for the journal are then sent to a minimum of two expert reviewer in the field and assess the scientific quality of the manuscripts. (Assessing the validity of the research methodology and procedures, significance of the subjects and findings, manuscript originality, any unethical practice in the research or plagiarism).
  • Reviewers are asked to submit written recommendations to the editor-in-chief.
  • Reviewers may recommend revisions and re-submission or rejections of the manuscripts for various reasons.
  • The editorial board is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The decision along with the review reports are communicated to the main author within 4 -6 weeks of initial submission.
  • Add this statement either on title page or before references. Compliance with ethical standard and no conflict of interest or no external funding if applicable.

Preparation for submission:

All submissions should include:
  • Covering letter: Authors distribution, (FUNDING)
  • Title page: Corresponding author email and postal address.
  • Co-authors names, email address and postal address.
  • The title page with author(s) details in a separate file.
  • The main body of the paper without author(s) identification from the text.
  • Manuscript has been spellchecked and grammar checked.
  • All references cited in text are cited in references and vice versa
  • All figures and tables are cited in the text.
  • A conflict of interest statement and source of fund if applicable
  • Indicate if color should be used in illustrations and tables.
  • Units of measures: Metric System

Manuscript organization and formatting issues:

  • Use MS - word.
  • The text should be in single-column format, Font Times New Roman, font size 12, double space.
  • Manuscript must not exceed 5000 words.
  • Use APA style, 6th edition for in text citation and references.
  • Tables are submitted in editable text not as images on separate page(s) at the end of the manuscript after references. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table body.
  • Files of figures, tables and graphics captions to be placed after references.
  • Abbreviations: Define abbreviations at first mention in text and in each table and figure legend.

Manuscript should be organized as follows:

Title page: This should include the title, authors' names and affiliations, and a complete address for the corresponding author including telephone and e-mail address.

Acknowledgement. (If applicable)

Conflict of interest. (If applicable)

Abstract:The manuscripts must include an abstract in English. It should be concise and factual which does not exceed 300 words and can stand by itself when it is published by its own. Abstracts of research papers must be structured and should include the objectives, methodology and results. References and uncommon abbreviations should be avoided.

Keywords: Keywords should accurately identify the papers subjects, methods and focus. Provide four to six keywords in alphabetical order. Use the Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) thesaurus or Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL) headings where possible to help researchers access manuscripts in related databases.

Introduction: Give adequate description of the problem that will be addressed, statement of the problem, purpose of the study, the significance of the research problem, and the research question(s).

Materials and methods: The method section describes the materials used in the study and how it is prepared, research protocol, measurements, statistical tests done to analyze the data. Reference to any published methods should be documented and acknowledged and any modification should be described.

Results: The results section describes the research findings without any explanation or justification.

Discussion: Interpretation and description of the significance of the findings considering the research problem and what is already known about the problem.

Conclusions: Short and concise.

Recommendations: (If applicable)

References: APA style, 6th edition.

  • Usually show numerical or textual value characterized by a row-column structure.
  • Number figures in the order they are first mentioned in text.
  • Double space the enter table.
  • Italicize the table title, but NOT the table number.
  • Each column has a heading.
  • NOT to exceed six tables.
Figures including charts, graphs, photographs or drawings:
  • Number the figures in the order they are first mentioned in text, between 8 to 14-point font. Captions include the figure title.
  • The author should take the permission from copyright holder if using figures and images from other sources. After taking the permission, you should include "Reprinted with permission" in the Notes or Captions under the reproduced tables, figures and images.


Please write your article in American English or British English, but not mixture of both.

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