Al-Balqa Journal for Research and Studies

Published by: Deanship of Scientific Research, Al-Ahliyya Amman University

ISSN (Print Version): 1684-0615, ISSN (Online Version): 2616-2814

Open Access Journal

Al-Balqa Journal for Research and Studies (AJRS) (ISSN Print Version: 1684-0615), (ISSN Online Version: 2616-2814) adheres to the highest standard of ethics of publication of scholarly research work. The journal “Publication Ethics and Malpractice Statement” is guided by COPE Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors. It is necessary that all parties involved in publishing process: the authors, the editor-in-chief, editorial board, the peer reviewers, and the publisher agree to abide by the highest standards of ethical behavior of research publication.


Publication decisions

The editor-in-chief is responsible for deciding which of the articles submitted to the journal should be published. The decision is based on the recommendation of the journal editorial board members and reviewers. The journal abides by legal requirements as shall then be in force regarding libel, copyright infringement and plagiarism. The editor confers with the editorial team and reviewers in making this decision.



The editors and reviewers evaluate manuscripts for intellectual content without regard to race, gender, sexual orientation, religious belief, ethnic origin, citizenship, or political philosophy of the authors



The editor, reviewers, and editorial staff must not disclose any information about a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial team, and the publisher, as appropriate.


Disclosure and conflicts of interest

Unpublished materials disclosed in a submitted manuscript must not be used by any of the editorial board members and reviewers in their own research.



Al-Balqa Journal for research & Studies does not receive funding from any institution. It is funded by the Deanship of Scientific Research in Al-Ahliyya Amman University.



Advertisement for any other institution is not accepted in Al-Balqa Journal website. However, advertising is only implemented for Al-Balqa journal for research & studies through Al-Ahliyya Amman University website.


Direct Marketing

Al-Balqa Journal for Research and Studies implements marketing through indexing papers in multiple academic databases: EBSCO host, Dar Al-Mandumah, Arab Journals Platform, e-Marefa, J-gate, Google Scholar, Semantic Scholar, Shamaa. Also through Al-Ahliyya Amman University website, Announcements for the academic staff at Al-Ahliyya Amman University and official communication between Jordanian universities.




Contribution to Editorial Decisions

The journal uses double-blind review process. The reviewers advise the editor-in-chief in making the editorial decision. The editor-in-chief communicates with authors, as required, and helps them in improving quality of their research paper.



The journal editors are committed to provide timely review to the authors. If a reviewer does not submit his/her report in a timely manner, the paper is immediately sent to another qualified reviewer.



Manuscript content is treated with at most confidentiality. The journal uses double blind process.The manuscript cannot be discussed with any other person. Except for the editor-in-chief, editors and reviewers. 

Standards of Objectivity

The editors and reviewers are required to evaluate papers based on the content. The review comment must be respectful of authors. The reviewers are required to justify their decision and recommendation.



The reviewer must make sure that references and in-text citations are written appropriately according to Al-Balqa Journal for research and studies publishing instructions. It is not acceptable for a reference to be listed while not providing in-text citation or vice versa. The reviewer is required to notify the editor and the author if any referencing problem is detected.


Acknowledgement of Sources

Reviewers should identify relevant published work that has not been cited by the authors. Any statement that an observation, derivation, or argument had been previously reported should be accompanied by the relevant citation. A reviewer should also call to the editor attention any substantial similarity or overlap between the manuscript under consideration and any other published paper of which they have personal knowledge.


Disclosure and Conflict of Interest

Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from competitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to the papers. Also, reviewers are not allowed to ask the author to cite from their own publications.





Publication and Submission fee

There are no charges for article submission/processing/publication. Yet If the author chooses to withdraw his/her, article after it has been assessed; he/she shall reimburse Al-Balqa with the cost of reviewing the paper.

Reporting standards

Authors should present an accurate account of the work performed as well as an objective discussion of its significance. Underlying data should be represented accurately in the paper. A paper should contain sufficient detail and references to permit others to replicate the work wherever possible. Fraudulent or knowingly inaccurate statements constitute unethical behavior and are unacceptable.


Data Access and Retention

Authors may be asked to provide the raw data in connection with a paper for editorial review. They should be prepared to provide such data within reasonable time.


Originality and Plagiarism

The authors should ensure that they have written entirely original works, and if the authors have used the work and/or words of others that this has been appropriately cited or quoted. We use Turnitin to check plagiarism. Papers found with such problems are automatically rejected and authors are so advised.

If the paper plagiarism percentage was more than 20%, the editor will notify the author to reduce plagiarism. If the plagiarism is still more than 20% after adjusting it by the author, the paper is rejected.

If a reader discovers plagiarism in a published manuscript, please contact the editors of Al-Balqa Journal for research and studies.


Multiple, Redundant or Concurrent Publication

An author should not in general publish manuscripts describing essentially the same research in more than one journal or primary publication. Splitting the research and submitting it to multiple journals is not allowed. Also, Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Submitting the same research but in a different language is also unacceptable.


Publishing instructions and Referencing

Authors must follow the referencing style and the publishing instructions of Al-Balqa journal for research and studies. If any problem is detected with the references, authors are required to respond to the editor and the reviewer.

Modern references are a must for enriching the manuscript.

The research must include the discussion and results to accomplish the aims and the methodology of the study.


Acknowledgement of Sources

Proper acknowledgment of the work of others is required. Authors must cite publications that have led to the authors current research.


Authorship of the Paper

Authorship should be limited to those who have made a significant contribution to the research reported in the manuscript. The corresponding author has a responsibility to keep co-authors posted with the review process. If the paper is accepted to go through the peer review process, the corresponding author is required to give a signed publication pledge that the research is their original work.


Hazards and Human or Animal Subjects

If the work involves chemicals, procedures or equipment that have any unusual hazards inherent in their use, the author must clearly identify these in the manuscript.


Disclosure and Conflicts of Interest

All authors should disclose in their manuscript any financial or other substantive conflict of interest that might be construed to influence the results or interpretation of their manuscript. All sources of financial support for the project should be disclosed.



If an author disagrees with the reviewer decision, the author can provide a detailed scientific response in the response letter during the peer review process, which will be sent to the reviewer by the editor while keeping confidentiality between the reviewer and the author.


Fundamental errors in published works

When an author discovers a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her own published work, it is the author obligation to promptly notify the journal editor or publisher and cooperate with the editor to retract or correct the paper.